The Six Steps for Effective Feedback is a common strategy used by schools seeking to improve teaching practice. Through offering praise and asking targeted questions an action step is identified. This action step is then isolated and practiced away from the lesson before being implemented in their teaching practice.

Our Fellows are equipped to utilize the Six Steps for Effective Feedback when coaching teachers. If you are interested in being part of an LRTT Fellowship delivering teacher training overseas during your summer break, you can find out more here.

1. Praise


The first step of effective feedback is to narrate the positive and offer precise praise of any previous teacher action, for example:

_“We set a goal of ____ last week and I noticed you achieved it by doing [concrete positive action].”_

“How were you successful? … How did it feel?”


2. Probe


Ask an open question about a specific part of the lesson to focus on in more detail, for example:

“What is the purpose of [certain area of instruction]?”

“What was your objective for the lesson?”


3. Action Step


A problem should now be identified. The teacher may self‐identify the problem through your support in asking scaffolded questions. If they haven’t, provide further scaffolded questions to help them recognise the problem. If they still need further support, try asking more focused questions about the specific scenario, for example:

_“Do you recall what happened in class when ?…. What effect did that have on the learning?”

Only after all these steps have been taken, and the problem hasn’t been recognised, should you then state the problem directly.

Following this, provide a bite‐sized action step that the teacher can work on to change practice and address the identified problem. The action step should be linked to wider teacher practice.


4. Practice


Use the opportunity to role play/simulate the action step to cement the new practice:

“Let’s role-play that”

“Let’s re‐play the lesson and try to apply this”

“I’m your student, how would you respond to…?”


5. Plan Ahead


Revise the teacher’s upcoming lesson plans to implement the action:

“Where would be a good place to implement this in your upcoming lessons?”

“Let’s write out the steps in your lesson plan/worksheet”


6. Set Timeline


The final step for effective feedback is to set a timeline for a follow‐up. This should include a deadline for completion of the revised teaching materials and arranging a time to observe the new practice:

“When would be best to observe your implementation of this?”

“I’ll come in and visit on Tuesday between 3‐4pm and observe your lesson”


Lead teacher training overseas this summer


Whether you have experience coaching teachers or want to improve your leadership skills, an LRTT Fellowship is a great way to excel your teaching career. Join a Fellowship facilitating teacher training to teachers who would otherwise have no access to ongoing professional development. Find out more here about our teacher training fellowships here.